Monday, August 24, 2020
Julius Caesar Summary Act I, Scene I Summary Two patricians Flavius and Marcullus enter. They are befuddled by the way that the plebeians are not in their work garments, and start to ask a few plebeians what their occupations are. A craftsman concedes he is a woodworker. Next Marcullus asks a shoemaker what his activity is, and the shoemaker answers in a arrangement of plays on words (spirits/soles), (withal/ with drill). The shoemaker clarifies that everybody is taking a vacation day to observe Caesar's triumph over Pompey. Marcullus, in high talk, affronts the plebeians for being whimsical, since they as of late totally loved Pompey. He reveals to them all to return home and feel sorry for disrespecting Pompey's memory. The plebeians leave. Flavius proposes that both of them bring down all of the star Caesar designs. Marcullus is stressed over falling into difficulty since it is the gala of Luprecal all things considered. Flavius demands, and suggests they that drive the entirety of the plebeians out of the roads. At long last he remarks that they should plan something for humble Caesar or probably he would put himself up until this point above other men as to make them all slaves. Act I, Scene ii Summary Caesar and his gathering enter. Caesar asks that his better half Calpurnia hold Antony up and that Antony contact her while he is running the race. Both concur. A seer cautions Caesar of the ides of March. From the outset Caesar is intrigued, however then he excuses the diviner. All leaves aside from Brutus and Cassius. Cassius says that Brutus hasn't appeared himself as of late. Brutus concedes that he has been disturbed, and has been doing a great deal of reasoning. Cassius recommends he can tell Brutus what has been alarming him. Brutus doubts Cassius' thought processes. Cassius guarantees Brutus he is reliable. They hear trumpets and yelling. Brutus remarks to himself that he trusts the individuals haven't made Caesar a ruler. Cassius inquires as to whether he fears the individuals will do as such. Brutus concedes he does, and inquires Cassius to arrive at the point. He says if Cassius needs him to accomplish something for the open great he will regardless of whether it implies his demise. Cassius says how disturbed he is that Caesar has gotten so mainstream. He tells how he spared Caesar from suffocating at the point when both of them were kids, and how he saw Caesar get sick while crusading in Spain. Cassius says Caesar has gotten excessively amazing, and as well glad. Something must be finished. He helps Brutus that his predecessor to remember the equivalent name set up the Roman republic by driving out the Tarquin rulers. Brutus concedes he is thoughtful and recommends they meet later. Caesar and friends return; they look upset. Brutus and Cassius consent to ask Casca what has occurred. Caesar reveals to Antony that yond Cassius has a lean and hungry look;/He thinks excessively: such men are risky (I.ii.194-5). Antony guarantees him Cassius isn't to be dreaded. Caesar concurs proposing that he fears nothing, however keeps on censuring Cassius as an agonizing and grave individual. Caesar and friends leave. Casca discloses to Brutus and Cassius that Antony offered Caesar a crown multiple times, each time Caesar rejected it, yet each time less intensely, and the third time Caesar went into and epileptic fit, i.e., the falling infection (I.ii2.52). Without a doubt, Caesar was so well known with the group that he offered them his throat to cut as a sensational motion. After Caesar recuperated from his fit the group cheered and applauded even more. Cassius inquires as to whether Cicero said anything, and Casca pokes a few fun at unfit to comprehend Cicero since he talked in Greek. Casca additionally makes reference to that Flavius what's more, Marcullus are being killed for mutilating pictures of Caesar. Cassius welcomes Casca to supper the following night, and Casca leaves. Brutus says Casca appeared to be horrendously inept. Cassius says he is simply acting idiotic so he can escape with being progressively legit. Brutus says he will meet Cassius the following day and leaves. In a speech Cassius stresses that he won't have the option to convince Brutus to murder Caesar. He chooses to manufacture a few letters urging him to do as such, and make it appear as though all of Rome is behind the thought. Act I, Scene iii Summary At night Cicero enters with Casca. Cicero inquires as to whether he brought Caesar home, and why he looks so terrified. Casca clarifies that he has seen a few awful signs counting fire coming out of the sky, a slave's hand go unburnt while
Saturday, August 22, 2020
A working framework (OS) resembles a facilitator, giving a situation to application projects to run in. It gives an interface between PC equipment and the client of the application programs. Application programs are a put away arrangement of directions for reacting to a particular solicitation. We will compose a custom exposition test on PC Operating System or then again any comparative point just for you Request Now Equipment are the physical gadgets that make up the framework, for example, the screen, console, printer, ect. The OS ordinarily incorporates somewhere in the range of tens to thousands of implicit subroutines called capacities which applications can call to perform essential assignments, for example, showing a string of content on the screen or contributing a character from the console. The OS permits the client to communicate with and acquire data from the equipment through a progression of layers. The order layer is the main piece of the OS that connects with the client and now and again is alluded to as the shell. It is the userÃ¢â¬ s interface to the OS in that the client can demand framework administrations by means of a Job Control Language (JCL), which is the arrangement of orders and their sentence structure prerequisites, or through a GUI (Graphical User Interface), the most up to date order language. The order mediator chooses which administrations must be executed to process the solicitation and passes these to the administration layer. The administration layer acknowledges the orders and makes an interpretation of them into point by point guidelines. There is one assistance require each number of framework demands gave by this layer. It handles works in process control, document control, and gadget control. It makes solicitations to drivers for access to the bit layer, which associates legitimately with the equipment. Information must head out through these layers to arrive at the equipment and the outcomes must go back. As a matter of first importance, a working framework must give an instrument to beginning procedures, which the majority of us know as projects. There are two primary sorts of working frameworks: single-entrusting and performing various tasks. DOS is a case of a solitary entrusting working framework, which just implies that it can just run each program in turn. Windows95 (or more up to date versions, earlier releases were a GUI interface to DOS) is the most broadly utilized performing various tasks working framework on PCÃ¢â¬ s. Performing multiple tasks implies that numerous projects can run simultaneously. The processor (CPU), which chooses and executes guidelines, must separation its opportunity to every dynamic application to cause it to create the impression that all are running on the double. These kinds of working frameworks contain schedulers that separate the processorÃ¢â¬ s time among dynamic procedures. The schedulers are situated in the portion. Each procedure has one or a few strings of execution. Each couple of milliseconds the scheduler assumes responsibility for the CPU from the string it is as of now executing, utilizes an intricate time-distribution calculation to choose which string ought to execute straightaway, and keeps executing the string at where it was last interfered. The following key obligation of a working framework is to deal with the memory Ã¢â¬ or capacity of information Ã¢â¬ accessible to it and its applications. The objective in memory the board is to give every application the memory it needs without encroaching upon memory utilized by different applications. At the point when a program is stacked and ran, the OS distributes a square of memory to hold the programÃ¢â¬ s code and information. In the event that a program requires extra memory, it can call a capacity in the working framework to demand more. DOS doesn't deal with memory very well since it runs in genuine mode, where just 1MB of RAM (Random Access Memory) is addressable. The RAM is unstable memory that stores the running applications yet the data is lost when the PC is killed. Windows95 improves occupation of overseeing memory since it runs in ensured mode, which permits it to utilize all memory, including broadened memory. What's more, in any event, when that much memory isnÃ¢â¬ t enough, it can make increasingly accessible by making virtual memory from free (space that has nothing put away in it) on a hard circle (non-removable auxiliary stockpiling equipment gadget). Virtual Memory is a memory the board procedure that solitary burdens dynamic segments of a program into fundamental memory. Windows95 likewise finds a way to keep an application from getting to memory that it doesn't claim. In DOS, and application can keep in touch with somebody elseÃ¢â¬ s memory, including the working systemÃ¢â¬ s, which can crash the whole framework. Windows95 runs applications in private location spaces that are intelligently segregated from one another and recognize the beginning of the document. One of a working systemÃ¢â¬ s most significant segments is its record framework Ã¢â¬ the part liable for overseeing documents put away on hard circles and different mass-stockpiling gadgets. A working framework gives significant level capacities that applications can call to control record I/O, which covers the opening, shutting, making, erasing, and renaming of documents. To peruse a lump of information from a record, the application calls a working framework capacity and passes the working framework the document handle (which extraordinarily recognizes an open document), the location in memory where the information ought to be duplicated, and the quantity of bytes to duplicate. The OS needs to distinguish every segment on the plate that holds a part of the mentioned record and program the drive controller to recover the data, area by division. It needs to do this productively with the goal that the data is recovered rapidly. The OS finds the correct areas on the plate since it keeps a guide that contains the name of each document and a record of where it is put away. DOS and Windows95 utilize a record designation table as a guide to discover the areas. Another job that working frameworks play in making a PC work is controlling gadget I/O. A gadget is a bit of equipment, for example, a video connector, console, or mouse. To converse with a gadget, a program must communicate in the deviceÃ¢â¬ s language, which as a rule comprises of surges of 1Ã¢â¬ ³s and 0Ã¢â¬ ³s. There are a huge number of various gadgets and Ã¢â¬Å"languagesÃ¢â¬ , so the OS assists by filling in as a translator. It converses with the gadgets through gadget drivers, which are interface programs exceptionally intended for every individual I/O gadget. Most working frameworks like Windows95 accompany many various drivers for every I/O gadget. DOS additionally utilizes drivers, however they are regularly so crude that the applications perform gadget I/O by depending on low-level schedules encoded in ROM (Read Only Memory Ã¢â¬ permits the information to be perused yet not written) in the computerÃ¢â¬ s BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) or by talking straightforwardly to the equipment. The most effective method to refer to Computer Operating System, Essay models PC Operating System Free Essays string(87) Microsoft plate working system) is a working framework popularized by Microsoft. 1. Prologue to Operating System:- Computer is a to some degree complex machine. The world has gotten acclimated with such a significant number of decisions. We will compose a custom article test on PC Operating System or on the other hand any comparative point just for you Request Now One of the significant decisions in the cutting edge time is the Ã¢â¬Å"Operating System (OS)Ã¢â¬ . Working frameworks are the focal programming part to any PC. The fundamental brands of working framework are; Windows Mac OS, Sun Solaris, UNIX, DOS and Linux. Each brand has its own interpretation of what makes up a working framework. Windows is the most regularly utilized working framework around the globe. The most well-known favorable position about Windows is its effortlessness. It is currently simple for an unpracticed individual to get a handle on the idea and utilize the PC with this working framework on it. Windows most up to date form is Vista and windows7. Vista has made figuring significantly more secure. Lamentably, the effortlessness which was there with past renditions has left other form of windows. With its center going to security, bunches of the basic things have been changed to transform into harder undertakings. Windows was the principal working framework to utilize the PC basic. This has permitted a PC transformation as increasingly more of the world becomes electronic utilizing windows as its working framework. The fundamental awful point about Microsoft Vista is the sticker price. For what it will be, it does not merit the sticker price, yet individuals need effortlessness, so they pay that smidgen extra, so they get the chance to utilize what they work with on an everyday premise in work puts all around the globe. In this way, the working framework (OS) is a PC program (framework programming) that goes about as a halfway among client and PC equipment. This is the primary programming that we see when we turn on the PC and the last programming when we turn off the PC. It gives more significant level reflection. Taking everything into account, it is an ace administrative program which gives amicable interface to the client to associate with the PC and its peripherals and distinctive application programming just as a domain for projects or applications to execute. 2. Capacities:- ? Planning: Ã¢â¬ One of the elements of working framework is to permit different projects to execute in single processor framework. There is quick exchanging of processor time for each activity sitting tight for processor time. ? Intrude on taking care of: Ã¢â¬ It decides the reasons for the interference and passes control to another module of the program which was interfered. Memory the board: Ã¢â¬ It stores programs which are required the most. The administration of working zone to execute the program is memory the executives. Memory the executives is about exchange between the fundamental and sponsorship stockpiling. ? Virtual memory the executives: Ã¢â¬ It is a procedure for causing PC to seem to have more me mory than it really has. By this procedure we can stack little parts of hard plate and procedure it when required and trading them out when another procedure is to be completed. ? Document Management: Ã¢â¬ It takes a shot at the premise of FAT. It designates space on the capacity media to hold each fil
Friday, July 17, 2020
4 Essay Outline Templates That Will Simplify Your Writing Process Have you ever put together a piece of furniture (or maybe stood by and watched someone else do it)? The task was made a lot easier thanks to the instructions that came in the box. The piece of furniture didnt exactly build itself just because it came with instructions, but without these instructions the task would be nearly impossible to complete.You can think of an outline for your essay kind of like a set of instructions. Although you still have to put in quite a bit of effort while youre building/writing it, the instructions will help guide you through the entire process so that you dont have to go in there completely blind.An essay outline is especially helpful for those who are novice writers, but even the old pros use outlines. The prolific William Faulkner was known to use an outline, and he wrote a timeline out for his novel A Fable on his office walls, which can be still seen on display at his home Rowan Oak in Oxford, Mississippi. Now were not advocating for anyone to write on their walls (sorry to all the moms out there!), but his method was effective because he was able to visualize his timeline and organize his writing around it.When you are assigned an essay, you might be tempted to wait until the last minute and just write something out really quickly. But without a concrete plan or knowing what it is that youre going to say, you might find yourself hovering over a computer with a blank page and a blinking cursor in the middle of the night. Nobody wants to be in that position, so lets aim to plan ahead, shall we?Why you should use an outline for everything you writeHave you ever heard the phrase great ideas take time? No amazing writer in the history of the universe just started typing one day and then had his or her writing magically turned into a book. Great writing requires great planning. Even if a writer didnt physically write down her timeline, she had a general idea of what she was going to write about before she started typing. Of course, there is such a thing as being inspired and acting on that inspiration (but lets be honest, your history essay isnt probably going to spark that kind of creativity in you).So, because we are writing a very structured piece with a somewhat predictable layout, its always best to use an outline. After you do your required research for your topic, an outline will help you to keep all of the points you want to make organized so that you dont skip any important pieces of information and so you can stay on track.How do you write an outline?The beauty of an outline is that no one will be seeing your outline â" unless, of course, your teacher is making you turn it in beforehand so that he or she can review it before you turn in your paper. However, even if your teacher is reviewing the outline before you turn in your essay, its doubtful that he or she will grade too harshly on how you organize your thoughts. The main idea is that your teacher wants to see that youre putting in some thought before you write the essay.Because theres not as much pressure to make an outline sound nice and be grammatically correct, you can get out your thoughts quicker and easier. You can use a piece of scratch paper for an outline and just jot down a few points or you can get really intricate by creating a writing outline on the computer. Whatever way you want to write your outline is fine â" just make sure youre doing it. Generally, in an outline you will need to have an idea of what your thesis statement will be, how your body paragraphs will support your thesis statement, and how you are going to wrap everything up in a conclusion at the end.Still a little unsure of how to start? Weve provided some examples below of what an outline will look like for a few different types of essays. Remember that these outlines are just samples. They arent necessarily something set in stone that you cant adapt for your particular assignment or idea.The argumentative essayThe argumentative essay is as old as writing is. The idea of an argumentative is â" you guessed it â" to establish an argument and provide evidence of why your claim is correct. You will collect evidence in defense of your argument and evaluate it.Here is a sample of what an argumentative essay outline might look like:IntroductionGeneral background information about your topicThesis statementBody paragraphsArgument 1 in support of your thesisSupporting factSupporting factSupporting factArgument 2 in support of your thesisSupporting factSupporting factSupporting factArgument 3 in support of your thesisSupporting factSupporting factSupporting factOpposing arguments and your response to these claimsOpposing argument 1 to your thesisYour response to this claimOpposing argument 2 to your thesisYour response to this claimConclusionReiterate arguments made in thesis statementWhy this essay matters (ideas for future research, why its especially relevant now, possible applications, etc.)Expository essay outlineExposit ory essays often get confused with argumentative essays, but the main difference is that the writers opinions and emotions are completely left out of an expository essay. The objective of an expository essay is to investigate a topic and present an argument in an unbiased way, but to still arrive at a conclusion. Because of this subtle difference, its important to have a solid outline to get you started on your writing.IntroductionThe presentation of the topicYour thesis statementBody paragraphsTopic sentence 1Supporting evidenceAnalysisTransition sentenceTopic sentence 2Supporting evidenceAnalysisTransition sentenceTopic sentence 3Supporting evidenceAnalysisTransition sentenceConclusionReiterate the points with an overview of the main points you discussed throughout the paper.Offer solutions, insight into why this topic matters, and what future topics could be expanded upon in a future paper.Reflective essay outlineReflective papers are a fun exercise where you get to write about a particular experience in your life and to discuss what lessons you learned from it. First-person essays are a really popular genre right now and are designed to make people from all different backgrounds reflect on a common human experience like receiving your first kiss, failing at something, or triumphing over obstacles. Because reflective essays are a little bit less rigid writing than a traditional classroom essay, the structure is definitely not set in stone. Feel free to play around with what makes sense for your particular story and experience.IntroductionA really great hook that will have the audience want to keep reading on (an example from the great writer David Sedaris, I always told myself that when I hit fifty I was going to discover opera, not just casually but full force: studying the composers, learning Italian, maybe even buying a cape.A brief little tease of what the story is going to be about. Youll probably need one to two sentences tops.Body paragraphsAct I of your storyWhat happened initially?Who were the key players?What obstacle did you have to overcome?Act II of your storyDescribe the obstacle/problem in more detailWhat role did the key players have?Act III of your storyWhat happened at the end?Was everything tied up neatly or not?ConclusionSummary of the eventsWhat lesson did you learn? Or, maybe, what was the lesson you learned much later on in life?Compare and contrast essay outlineWe compare and contrast things all the time in real life. We analyze what kind of healthcare plan we want, what major to pick, what phone we want, what career we want to pursue, etc. Having the skills to analyze two (or more) items and discovering what the facts are about them so that you can make an educated decision on which to pick are pretty crucial.A compare and contrast essay gives us the building blocks to understand how to make these decisions with real-life applications â" and they can be pretty fun too. Although these compare and contrast essa ys dont have as complicated of a structure as an expository or an argumentative essay, its still important to plan out how youre going to tackle this type of essay. Heres an idea of what a compare and contrast outline might look like:IntroductionA brief introduction to the topic and what Point A and Point B areYour thesis statement (which will contain some sort of equivalence or dissonance between Point A and Point B)Body paragraphsTopic sentence 1 about Point AClaim 1 about Point AClaim 2 about Point AClaim 3 about Point ATopic sentence 2 about Point BClaim 1 about Point BClaim 2 about Point BClaim 3 about Point BTopic sentence 3 that connects Point A and Point BWhat is similar between these two points?What is dissimilar?What comparisons can be made?ConclusionWhat conclusions can we draw about comparing these two points?Any further research required or suggested for the future?Is there a third thing that we should be comparing these two points to?Need help with your outline?If afte r reviewing these guidelines or examining these sample outlines youre still a little bit unsure about how to incorporate an outline into your particular essay, be sure to ask your instructor for more guidance.And, if you need another pair of eyes to look over your paper after its been written, be sure to check out the services of our professional editors. Our expert editors can help you to polish up your paper, ensure that all of your citations have been made according to the style guide, and give you direction if the essay needs to be revised or rearranged in any way.
Thursday, May 21, 2020
A traditional family is defined by the marriage of a man, woman, and/ or a child. Today, less than half of the children in this nation live in such a family. Families have become more complex and less Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalÃ¢â¬ (Livington, 2014). According to Livington (2014), Americans are delaying marriage or avoiding it altogether. This is largely due to the factor that women are attaining careers and not getting married and having children. Another factor that contributes to this movement away from the traditional family, is the fact that with some states not allowing marriage between two people of the same sex, many couples do not find the necessity to marry if they are not going to adopt or have children. In this paper, I will describe some ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Some of the social factors affecting the Latino children population include family and household demographics, language patterns, educational level challenges, poverty and unemployment rates, and health and in surance rates. Latino Children Origin and Language Patterns Nearly 70 percent of Latino children are of Mexican origin. The next largest origin groups include Puerto Ricans (1.6 million), Salvadorans (587,000), Dominicans (448,000), Cubans (394,000), Guatemalans (363,000) and Colombians (236,000) (Saenz, 2014). Although Latino children come from a vast array of countries, more than 90 percent are born in the United States or born abroad to U.S. citizens. As a result of this, the language patterns of Latino children have strong ties to their ancestral roots. About three-fifths of Latino children are bilingual. They speak Spanish at home but are also fluent in English. This is an extremely important factor for the Latino community. Public schools are effectively teaching Latino children to speak English but at home they converse in Spanish with their families. Family Households Poverty and Unemployment Rates The majority of Latino children (54 percent) live in a married household. The next quarter live in households headed by a single female and about one sixth live with a grandparent or a single father (Saenz 2014). In some instances, some
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Vonnegut Jr.s Harrison Bergeron and Orwells 1984 are based on the concept of negative utopia. The governments in both these novels control their masses using harsh methods. The government in 1984 uses brainwashing, doublethink, mutability of the past and vaporization to control its masses. The government in Harrison Bergeron uses physical and mental handicaps to control its masses and in the effort to make everyone equal. Both the governments have a tight control on its people but the government in 1984 has a stronger and more affective control over its masses than the government in Harrison Bergeron. The government in 1984 completely restricts the mere freedom of thought. Anyone who thinks anything that the government findsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They turn into puppets that can be easily controlled and manipulated by the Party, to the extent that they can be made to believe in two contradicting ideas at once. This is what the Party refers to as doublethink. In fact, the people themselves believe that thoughtcrime is a dreadful thing, (Page 233) and that they should be punished for it as suited. The fear that has subconsciously settled in the minds of the people minimizes the chances of rebellion, makes it easier for the Party to stay in power, and furthermore results in a very tight control over the population. On the other hand, in Diana Moon Glamperss government, all people with higher than average intelligence are required to wear a little mental handicap radio in one of their ears at all times. This handicap sends out a sharp noise every 20 seconds so that people dont take unfair advantage of their brains. (Vonegut). It interrupts the thinking process of the individual by momentarily stunning them, after which the individual forgets about what he/ she was thinking. This does not mean that free thought is restricted. It is not! People can think about anything at any moment of time and wont be convicted as guilty for it. They are less of puppets and more of individuals. However, taking off the mental handicap time at any given point is punishable. The punishment is not as bad as that issued by the Party for thoughtcrime. Also, the government would never know if someone took off their
Identity theft is not only stealing of credit card information but through online sources as well. Identity Theft has become a major issue since technology has become more popular throughout the world. Since consumers are co-dependent for technology it is an easier solution to fast sufficient services and each time we use the internet we input data that takes our name, address, even private accounts. We will write a custom essay sample on Identity Theft or any similar topic only for you Order Now For example, if you get an email that says you won a gift card to a certain store they want your full information to supposedly send you the card in the mail. Frauds will even call you from private numbers stating they are from debt collecting agency acting for bank account and social security information. Common ways Identity Theft that may occur are Defrauding businesses, stealing records from their employer, hacking into business or organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s computers Steve Wisman stated this quote out of his book, The Truth about Identity Theft, Ã¢â¬Å"can be done through high tech, low tech, or no techÃ¢â¬ (Steve, 2010). Credit card fraud scheme is when you use your card to shop online, giving your card, name, and address in order to make a purchase, if you are not careful your information can be monitored by fraudsters using a program so they can record the details entered. After gathering your information they have access to make transactions for purchasing items. There are also credit card machine to duplicate your original credit card. * 9 out of 10 fraudsters get away with your information. 70% of companies surveyed agreed that internet is the most risky way to the market, due to the fact that 52% of companies agree that internet fraud is a problem within their company and 55% will admits that itÃ¢â¬â¢s a huge concern in their company. * 48% claims it takes up to a month before anybody is aware of a fraud. * Rarely companies are protected, thatÃ¢â¬â¢s why only 15%of companies have automated systems in place to detect fraud. Master fraudsters are more confident in their ability that they spend little or no time to cover up their tracks * 58% of those surveyed believe that online fraud is preventing successful transactions on the internet. An example of a successful fraud is Amar Singh and his wife Neha Punjani-Singh. Both Amar and Neha are in their 30Ã¢â¬â¢s and pleaded guilty to identity theft and enterprise corruption charges involving their roles in a $13 million scam. The two were one of the few people who were arrested for taking part in an operation that netted the millions between July and September of 2011. Court documents were posted by wired magazine. Singh was one of four bosses of the criminal enterprise. They received information about unknown people from many countries. Frauds used a skimming device to swipe consumer credit card information at retail stores and illegal identification-gathering websites. According to the New York Post, the judge told Singh that he was a huge criminal and a rip-off artist (CHRISTINA, 2012). After that statement Singh, who faced up to 250 years in prison, was only sentenced to 5 1/3 to 10 2/3 years in prison for the charges. Singh took the plea agreement to spare his wife, Neha Punjani-Singh jail time and dodged about 250 years in prison if he went to trial. As for his wife, Neha Punjani-Singh pleaded guilty to petty larceny and was dismissed with a conditional discharge sentence. How to cite Identity Theft, Papers Identity Theft Free Essays string(74) " in the United States that controls consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s credit card information\." Identity theft is a serious problem that has been happening for a very long period of time. In America there are over 9 million victims of identity theft that takes place every year. Research shows Nine out of ten American homeowners have concerns about becoming victims of identity theft. We will write a custom essay sample on Identity Theft or any similar topic only for you Order Now This is the most rapid growing type of fraud in the country, yet virtually two-thirds are hesitant whether their insurance policy is able to protect them financially if this crime were to occur. A vast proportion of 83 percent believe the government should seize action to help prevent identity theft. WWW. SSA. GOV, 2009) [pic] According to Federal Trade Commission statistics, identity theft has reached a fraction of 72 percent between 2001 and 2002, from 220,000 occurrences to 380,000. Even though 97 percent of the homeowners surveyed had heard of identity theft, and practically one in four knows someone who has been a victim, 61 percent are uncertain whether their homeownerÃ¢â¬â¢s insurance policy would compensate them for expenses required in recuperating after this fraud has been convicted. Only 11 percent of the homeowners surveyed feel as though their policy protects them fully. With the likelihood of identity theft increasing each year, these survey results suggest that more than 60 million homeowners could be at financial risk if they were to fall victim to this type of fraud, despite that increasing trend, only a small percentage of policies actually provide coverage for expenses incurred in recovering from identity theft. Ã¢â¬ States Michelle Kenney, an underwriting executive who specializes in high-end policies (WWW. SSA. GOV, 2009). Identity theft comes in many forms. One type of identity theft is necrolarcency the unauthorized use of checking accounts or bogus credit cards. This is when someone has the unauthorized use of your name, social security number, or credit card number. Another type of identity theft is the unauthorized use of your social security number, birth certificate, and passport. Government document fraud may get a drivers license in your name with their picture, or use your social security number to receive government benefits. They can also file a fraudulent tax return with your personal information (Identity theft: what to do if it happens to you, 1996). Other things identity thefts are capable of are using your social security number to get a job, for medical care and services, or put your personal information down when they get arrested and if they donÃ¢â¬â¢t show up to the court date there will be a warrant out for your arrest issued in your name. These thieves misrepresent themselves as the victim. The theft may use your name and other personal information for many different reasons such as; acquire a credit card, establish a telephone account, and even rent an apartment. You may not even be aware this is taking place until you review your credit report and notice charges that you never had made, or a debit collector contacts you (identity theft checklist). In that case you always should file a police report right away to evaluate the problem before things get worse. Identity thieves can also establish utilities such as telephone service, electricity, or cable services in someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s name avoiding monthly payments. They can also send the bills to another address and run up your charges so you may never receive your bill to make your payments, and then your credit history will be destroyed. Skilled identity thefts have developed many easy ways to steal information over time. Some ways are dumpster diving, which is when they rummage through another personÃ¢â¬â¢s trash searching for bills and other forms of identification (Identity theft: what to do if it happens to you, 1996). Also, there is skimming which is when they take your card information and merchants record your information while processing your card. Thieves will attach a data storage device to an ATM machine or card reader at a retail checkout that will steal important credit card information and debit credit card numbers. Another type of identity theft is phishing. Thieves pretend to be a financial institution and send spam pop-ups to your computer to persuade consumers to reveal themselves. Identity thieves are also using technology to steal your identity. For example, some thieves plant crime ware directly onto your personal computer to steal your credentials. This happens on corporate computers and can compromise computer security (identity theft checklist). Another growing problem that exists online is pharming crime ware that misdirects users to fraudulent sites or servers. They run up charges on your existing account by opening a wireless phone account in your name. Also they can use your name to receive utility services such as cable TV, heating, and electricity. Bank and finance fraud is when they use your name or account number to create counterfeit checks with a large amount of money that can leave you far in debt. Also they can open a banking account and write out bad checks to people in your name. They could also drain your account by making unauthorized use of credit cards and make electronic withdrawals. They may even take out an entire loan (WWW. SSA. GOV, 2009). There are some laws that protect consumers from identity theft. Current legislation such as CHECK 21 tries to prevent thieves from stealing your bank account information. For example, previously bank customers would receive their checks in the mail with their monthly summary statement making it easier for thieves to have access to sensitive information. CHECK 21 allows receivers to receive digital versions of checks instead of paper copies making it more difficult for thieves to access account information (Identity theft: what to do if it happens to you, 1996). The fair credit reporting act is also a very good way of protection. This is a federal law in the United States that controls consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s credit card information. You read "Identity Theft" in category "Papers" Just as the fair debt collection practices act, it gives the rights of consumer credit in the United States. This act is entitled amend the Federal Deposit Insurance Act to oblige insured banks to preserve certain records, to require that certain transactions in United States currency be reported to the Department of the Treasury (identity theft checklist). Fair debt collection practices act provides rights to consumers and limits debt collectorÃ¢â¬â¢s abilities. Some debt collectors harass people by calling them constantly at inconvenient hours of the morning or night. In this case you are able to file a lawsuit to protect your rights. Many collection agencies offer consolidation programs so consumers can pay off their debt and establish good credit. There are also courses available to teach people money management and responsibilities (About identity theft). The electronic transfer act is another great way to keep your personal identity safe. This act was established to give you rightsÃ and responsibility ofÃ consumersÃ and all the contributors in electronic funds transferÃ actions. The electronic transfer act is not particularly very flawless. This system occasionally makes errors so you will need to review the transactions to be carful. There are procedures you must follow if there are errors noticed. You must contact a financial institution within thirty days and explain your predicament so they can begin to investigate and solve your problem (identity theft checklist). The annual free credit report act provides consumers with a free credit report once a year from the three national credit reporting agencies. Some companies require payments for your credit report and should not have to. Some services proclaim they are free, and then bill you for services you must cancel. The information in your report is used to evaluate your submission for credit, insurance, employment, and renting a home. Also, you should always make sure your reports are up to date by seeing if you recognize the information (About identity theft). Credit bureaus present consumer credit information from various sources such as bill paying borrowing behavior. This gives lenders a better feel of trust for your ability to pay back loans and influences your interest rate. Experian is credit bureaus that provide information to consumers to help manage financial decisions. Also there is Equifax which gives businesses and consumers information they can trust. TransUnion gives consumers and business advantages to manage your decisions. Risk-based pricing will affect your Interest rate by risking amounts of borrowed money and proving you can pay them off. People with poor credit such as bankruptcies will pay a higher annual interest rate than those who have good credit (Identity theft- what you need to know to protect yourself). Fraud is a huge problem in the United States for various reasons. It has caused many problems for people such as loss of life, money, injuries, and more serious things. Fraud is misrepresentation with intent to deceive. This is when someone or a company advertises something when they are well aware that it is not capable of what they have guaranteed (Identity theft: what to do if it happens to you, 1996). Fraud investigators determine if fraud has occurred and identifies confirmation. Telemarketing fraud is one of the most common types. When you give personal or financial information to unknown callers or money to people you do not know personally, you increase your likelihood of becoming a victim of telemarketingÃ fraud. Once you pay money to a fraud over the phone, it is difficult to get your money back, but here are many ways to avoid telemarketing fraud. You must always be alert when it comes to purchasing over the telephone (Fedral trade commission). Craigslist is a free online classified ad service that people can use for various reasons. It is used to buy, sell, trade, job, and much more. Identity theft on craigslist is easy to identify, for example if someone asks for a payment ahead of time or asks for personal information without proof of your purchase. You should always be aware of keeping your personal information anonymous and check the other personÃ¢â¬â¢s credentials. Craigslist is a great tool if used carefully, or you could be put in a bad situation (About identity theft). Microsoft provides computer security, digital privacy, and online safety to its consumers. There are programs to stop phishing and gives you tipÃ¢â¬â¢s on how protect your personal information. It offers antivirus and spyware programs, PC safety scams, and malicious software removal tools. Former United States senator Hillary Clinton states that well over 400,000 children are victims of identity theft. The percentage of children victims have rapidly grown to be a proportion of 78 percent. A seven year old with a clean credit history had their social security number stolen by a theft that purchased a $40,000 houseboat. ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s reaction to this dilemma was to develop Privacy Rights and Oversight for Electronic and Commercial Transaction act, and make sure that all companies giving access to credit confirm the age of the applicant (About identity theft). Senator Charles Schumer has embarked on a domestic investigation into account fraud which had led to substantial identity theft. Westlaw, an information company, allowed clients to search for individual social security number. As a result, Schumer has put control on access for those who can find information on WestlawÃ¢â¬â¢s security systems. Schumer states, Ã¢â¬Å"While ChoicePointÃ¢â¬â¢s recent breach of security has been one of the biggest cases of ID theft in the country, ID theft is popping up everyday at other companies who have similarly lacked the proper security to guard peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s personal information. The new rise in identity theft cases nationwide is approaching epidemic proportions and Congress must act quickly to bolster privacy protections. (Identity theft- what you need to know to protect yourself). Victims of identity theft in some instances, credit reports could contain negative information that may deny you loans for education. This will enable you to attend the college you desire due to money issues as well as housing and vehicles. Also you may be limited with few job opportunities. In rare cases you could even be arrested for a crime you did not even commit. Once thieves have stolen your identity they can do a lot of damage with your personal information such as credit card frauds. They can change a very good credit history to an extremely awful one that would take a lot of time to make things back to normal. All the payments would get sent to your card and youÃ¢â¬â¢d have to pay all the bills before you notice what is happeningif you figure out your identity has been stolen, or are even suspicious that your credit reports have any additional unknown charges you should contact the police immediately before problems get worse. You should also notify creditors to restore your good name as soon as you can. A police report contains important information such as specific details for an identity theft report. This can permanently block fraudulent information that leads to identity theft and hides personal information from appearing on your credit report and make sure that these debts do not turn back up on these credit reports. You may be able to work with the company to resolve the dispute. Filing a report will let you take advantage to the protection you are entitled to (identity theft checklist). The United States has attempted a variety of different ways to improve the prevention of Identity Theft. There has been many times where there has been success found in the progress. One case, the Colorado House of Representatives has made changes to discontinue the thief from getting information and using it to obtain employment or preserve employment. Another way Identity theft has improved its prevention is the National Tax Payer Advocate alleged the International Revenue Service to improve protection to assist victims of identity theft. The IRS does not contain advocate action and this is the reason payers are required by law to give personal information. National Society of Accountance agreed the risk of identity theft is a substantial distress. Many recommendations were persecuted to protect tax payers (Identity theft: what to do if it happens to you, 1996). Identity theft is a very serious problem the United States has been facing for a very long time. In some cases, if you notice and report the problem early before it gets bad, you can take care of it much easier. In other cases where victims have had hundreds of dollars taken from them are in a much worse situation. They have to try and repair the damages that have happened to their credit records over a long period of time. The long term effects of identity theft are always awful and donÃ¢â¬â¢t end well. It lingers for a long time and your life could never be the same. You must always be aware of keeping your personal information private for no one to see or you will have very harsh consequences. BIBLIOGRAPHY Ã¢â¬Å"Identity Theft: What to Do If It Happens to You | Privacy Rights Clearinghouse. Ã¢â¬ Privacy Rights Clearinghouse | Empowering Consumers. Protecting Privacy. Web. 25 May 2011. Ã¢â¬Å"Identity Theft And Your Social Security Number. Ã¢â¬ The United States Social Security Administration. Web. 25 May 2011. http://www. ssa. gov/pubs/10064. html. Ã¢â¬Å"FTC Consumer Information Ã¢â¬â ID Theft, Privacy, Security: Identity Theft. Ã¢â¬ Federal Trade Commission. Web. 25 May 2011. Ã¢â¬Å"About Identity Theft Ã¢â¬â Deter. Detect. Defend. Avoid ID Theft. Ã¢â¬ Federal Trade C ommission. Web. 25 May 2011. . Ã¢â¬Å"What You Need to Know to Protect Yourself from Identity Theft. Ã¢â¬ Identity Theft Ã¢â¬â What You Need to Know to Protect Yourself from Identity Theft. Web. 25 May 2011. . How to cite Identity Theft, Papers Identity Theft Free Essays string(211) " their credit reports so that damages incurred during this period do not misrepresent the consumers own credit report since they were in fact victims of a crime and not actively ruining their own credit status\." Identity theft is a growing problem and costs American consumers billions of dollars and countless hours each year.Ã The following paper will discuss the issue of identity theft, the definition of the problem and it will survey five people about personal awareness of identity theft. The largest transaction a family, or individual will make is when they purchase a home. We will write a custom essay sample on Identity Theft or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ã The first step in buying a home is to make sure that the family and/or the individual understand the risks of identity theft and how serious it can become.Ã The Federal trade commission receives 15,000 to 20,000 consumer complaints every week.Ã Identity theft can ruin a personÃ¢â¬â¢s credit and derail that personÃ¢â¬â¢s real estate dreams. Related reading: Snatch Theft Essay In fact, many consumers first learn they are victims of identity theft when they are in the process of renting or buying a home.Ã This means that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s or familyÃ¢â¬â¢s real estate dreams can be dashed in a moment because they were unknowingly a victim of identity theft.Ã There are different avenues of choice a person can make in deterring identity theft and ensuring that one does not become a victim of such a crime. Because the home buying process involves sharing a certain amount of personal information with third parties, home buyers should be careful when sharing financial or other personal information, whether in person, on the phone, or over the Internet.Ã Many consumers are not aware that providing personal information online is in effect authorizing the owners of that site to sell the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s information to third parties.Ã Therefore a person should only use trusted sites with security and/or privacy. Recently NAR and the Federal Trade Commission formed a partnership to combat identity theft.Ã The program, Ã¢â¬Å"Deter, Detect and DefendÃ¢â¬ aims to educate consumers, particularly homebuyers, about the devastating effects of identity theft and help them protect themselves against that crime. In order to deter identity thieves, the FTC and NAR recommend that consumers shred financial documents and paperwork with personal information before discarding.Ã This is because often times identity theft may occur when a criminal goes through a personÃ¢â¬â¢s trash and finds credit card acceptance letters and thus, they get the card under the personÃ¢â¬â¢s name all because the document was not discarded of properly or fully. Another deterrent that a person may do in order to protect their identity is to protect their social security number.Ã A person should only give out their social security number if absolutely necessary or ask to use another identifier.Ã If a person on a phone asks for this number they could be writing it down to use for their own benefit; such situations could be billing statements and questions with a personÃ¢â¬â¢s credit card company or any other billing service that wants a person to identify themselves with their social security number.Ã An alternative to using oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own social security number is to use oneÃ¢â¬â¢s account number instead. Another deterrent to identity theft is to not give out personal information on the phone by mail of the Internet unless the person knows with whom they speaking or dealing with.Ã Many people with cell phones often times conduct business while they are shopping or while they are out in public.Ã This is a very poor in judgment move to make because being in public and not aware of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own surroundings is a vulnerable place to be conducting business.Ã Many people forget in what surroundings they are speaking on their telephone and any eavesdropper can find out a personÃ¢â¬â¢s address, phone number, family members, etc. Another item on a list of deterrents is to make sure no one in public sees a credit card.Ã While standing in line at the checkout, camera phones have made it simpler and easier to be an identity thief; this is true because anyone who is behind someone in line using their credit card can simply take a picture of that card and have the account number for their personal use.Ã Therefore it is behooving to be constantly aware of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s surrounding, who is the next person in line and to make sure the account number of a credit card while in use remains private. Thus, it becomes increasingly important to be able to detect suspicious behavior and activity everywhere.Ã A consumer should then know a few things so that the previous situations do not occur.Ã A consumer should routinely monitor financial accounts and billing statements.Ã If unusual activity appears on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s account it should be reported to the credit card or billing company immediately so that if the consumer is a victim of identity theft the card will be reported as such and the next time the thief uses the card there will exist a paper trail by which the police can find them. Another way in which a consumer can ensure their own protection is to be alert to signs that require immediate attention, such as bills that do not arrive as expected; unexpected credit cards or account statements; denials of credit for no apparent reason; and call or letters about purchases the consumer did not make.Ã Ã Ã Each of these items is a definite sign of identity theft.Ã A smart consumer is cautious about these different signs and ensures of their own accord that such false accounts are not accomplished by shredding credit card offers in the mail, and by keeping proper and timely track of their own purchases. Another way in which a consumer can safeguard against identity theft is to purchase monthly insurance from the credit card company that allows the consumer to be fully protected should identity theft occur.Ã Such a program is set up so that when faulty account balances are detected the consumer does not have to pay for the charges. If a consumer thinks that identity theft has occurred against them then they should place a Ã¢â¬Ëfraud alertÃ¢â¬â¢ on their credit reports so that damages incurred during this period do not misrepresent the consumers own credit report since they were in fact victims of a crime and not actively ruining their own credit status. You read "Identity Theft" in category "Essay examples" A consumer who has been the victim of identity theft should quickly close accounts that have been tampered with or established fraudulently.Ã This tells the credit companies that such accounts were initiated by the consumer since their action in repelling the accounts was swiftly taken. Consumers should also file a police report immediately once they are certain that they have been exposed to identity theft.Ã Filling such a report lets the police do their jobs in ensuring that such a crime does not persist and that the person or persons responsible for this crime are appropriately punished and do not go back out into the business world thinking that they can easily repeat their actions without negative results.Ã In order identity thieves to be put in jail the initial step is to file a police report. Another action that a consumer can accomplish if they have been the victim of an identity theft is to file a report of the theft to the Federal Trade Commission.Ã This further takes responsibility of the theft off of the shoulders of the consumer. There of course ways in which identity fraud has been staunched by different companies.Ã One way has been the introduction of virtual credit cards.Ã This service is given by MBNA and is called ShopSafe.Ã This service is found through MBNAÃ¢â¬â¢s Net Access service for paying bills online.Ã This means that a consumer can safely shop through their own browser or they can shop with aÃ free down load desktop software.Ã The virtual card has the option of the consumer choosing the duration of the cardÃ¢â¬â¢s active status, and the limit on the card as well. (Arar, 2006, 47). Another option available for consumers is to pay by e-pay online.Ã This option is available at different online merchants which dictates that the consumer pays electronically (this is typically used in billing statements).Ã The site that has been utilized the most is PayPal.Ã Everything on PayPal is done safely, and electronically.Ã PayPal does not trade consumer information and does not allow the consumerÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ bank information to be directly seen by The research done with PC World, 2006, initiates consumer awareness about how to appropriately use a computer that ensures personal account information is not accessible by anyone else besides the consumer.Ã In their section entitles Privacy Watch; How to Secure Files on Your Hard Drive, the article discusses how to files safeguarded.Ã A consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s computer should be appropriately safeguarded by using encryption software, Files are encrypted only while on the hard drive. Ã If you send an e-mail attachment to someone from your encrypted hard drive, the software automatically decrypts the attachment before it leaves the PC, and the recipient receives a normal unscrambled message.Ã Full disk encryption tools used to have one major drawback: They slowed PCs considerably.Ã But as processor power has gone up, software makers have optimized their products so effectively that you can barely tell the encryption is happening.Ã I surfed the Web, checked and sent e-mail, and even played some graphically intensive games on the encrypted laptop without encountering a perceptible performance hit from the encryption software, which quietly went about its business in the background. 48. The overall focus of PC WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s article involved being a conscious consumer and careful shopper. David M. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s article Securing Against Insider Attacks (2006) also gives advice and warning signals of identity theft in regards to IT security.Ã One such maxim listed is that of trusting the people who make up established relationships.Ã This theory states that anyone within a personÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËtribeÃ¢â¬â¢ is immediately trustworthy but an outside must be viewed with precaution, as Lynch states, Ã¢â¬Å"Since the very first IT survey on cyber attacks, one fact has remained almost constant: a greater percentage of attacks come form the inside (from Ã¢â¬ËtrustedÃ¢â¬â¢ folks)Ã¢â¬â60 to 70 percentÃ¢â¬âthan from the outside (the Ã¢â¬ËuntrustedÃ¢â¬â¢ folks). Or, to put it another way, roughly twice the number of attacks come from the inside vs. the outside.Ã¢â¬ (40).Ã This places a new perception on identity theft since the person who is the thieve is typically thought of as being a stranger, but in the above statement, Lynch points out that most of the time the person doing the thieving is someone the consumer personally knows. Lynch goes on to state that identity theft has become such a staple crime is because of the broadening scope of business which has subsequently made the world a smaller place.Ã Almost all business, large and small have processing orders all over the worldÃ This ensures that an electronic identity is abundant in the business world.Ã This electronic identity when paired with repositories of personal information is the number one reason why identity theft has grown so widely (while the market grew in a global scale so did the crime of identity theft). LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s article highlights different banks and organizations that themselves have been victims of identity theft, Data broker Acziom Corp. experienced identity theft by an insider that cost it $5.8 million, including employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ time and travel expenses, security audits, and encryption softwareÃ¢â¬ ¦ChoicePoint said in February that thieves using stolen identities had created 50 dummy businesses that pulled data including names, addresses, and Social Security numbers on as many as 145,000 people.Ã As a result, its stock dropped from $48 a share the day before the announcement to around $39. In May 2005, Wachovia corp. and Bank of America Corp.Ã Ã notified more than 100,000 customers that their financial records had been stolen by bank employees and sold to collection agencies. At the time of writing, investigators are still looking into the case, which may involve the unauthorized sale of data on nearly 700,000 customers of various banks. In the same month, CardSystems Solutions Inc. confirmed it suffered a Ã¢â¬Ësecurity incidentÃ¢â¬â¢ in which an Ã¢â¬Ëunauthorized individualÃ¢â¬â¢ infiltrated the computer network and may have stolen up to 40 million credit card numbers.Ã 40 Each of these descriptions bears witness to the growing actions of identity theft not only toward consumers, or individuals, but also to large corporations and their customers. Although identity theft is a growing concern it remains the act of federal laws but even more so of state laws that deter such a crime.Ã New legislation has been put into place in different states such as North Dakota and California that Ã¢â¬Ëforces companies to reveal unauthorized access to information that is commonly found in phone booksÃ¢â¬â¢ (41).Ã In California a more strict state law states that civil lawsuits to further deter identity thieves and punish existing thieves.Ã There is also a law in effect for Arkansas, Georgia, Montana, North Dakota, and Washington that would require that state agencies and businesses inform residents if their Social Security numbers areÃ disclosed (41). Lynch describes the change of the face of identity theft and the laws enacted to prevent such a crime.Ã The above paragraph mentions the initiative of states and governors to ensure that identity theft carries a harsh penalty but there is a contrasting point highlighted by Lynch that statesÃ that this state-by-state approach is very slow and seemingly impossible, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦for any organization that does business in multiple states to set up different levels of security and access on a stat-by state basisÃ¢â¬ (41).Ã This means that companies will be forced quickly to set their own policies with the guidelines of the state in mind. LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s article gives an example of a study done by the Secret Service National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC) and Carnegie Mellon University Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) (published in May 2005) that gives details about insider attacks.Ã This survey gave attention to people who had previously been exposed to internal access to information systems and used them fraudulently.Ã Ã Ã The report however did not give a variable for the gain of money. The study was based on behavioral and technical viewpoints.Ã These findings divulged that most of the identity thieves had previously been employees of the companies from which they stole (which goes back to LynchÃ¢â¬â¢s original idea of thinking people within the Ã¢â¬ËtribeÃ¢â¬â¢ were trustworthy, while people outside of the tribe were not trustworthy), as Lynch states, Ã¢â¬Å"Most involved organizations identified financial losses, negative impacts to their business operations, and damage to their reputation as results of the attacks. The impetus for most attacks was some form of negative work-related event, the most frequently reported motive was revenge, and the attacks were clearly a planned activityÃ¢â¬ (42-43).Ã The identity thieves did not follow any profile but were simply employees or former employees of the company. In regards to these attacks Lynch lists several ways in which a company or even a person can secure themselves from identity theft.Ã The study conducted had employees without real technical experience gaining access to private folders and consumer identities.Ã Lynch suggests that a layered defense that entails policies, procedures, and technical controls for protection.Ã Lynch goes on to state that for IT there are specific procedures to follow to aid in preventing identity fraud which include, Ã¢â¬Å"Restrict remote accessÃ¢â¬ ¦Restrict system administratorÃ¢â¬ ¦Collect information for all remote loginsÃ¢â¬ ¦Monitor failed remote loginsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (44-45). The two main elements that a company of consumer should achieve in order to prevent such attacks include information gathering and analysis.Ã Although the government on the federal and state level are making new legislations as to how to deal with identity fraud security on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own computer is a good way to prevent the attempt of identity theft, as Lynch emphasizes, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦the first step toward this is understanding and acknowledging that we are all subject to the Ã¢â¬Ëtrusted tribeÃ¢â¬â¢ mentality and that it is creating blind spots in our planning and implementationÃ¢â¬ (46).Ã Thus, the ability to trust people, even those of the Ã¢â¬ËtribeÃ¢â¬â¢ can be a misleading step in securing protection against identity fraud. Surveys Five people were surveyed for this research paper.Ã They were asked qualitative questions with a few quantitative questions in order to provide statistics as to the percentage of consumers who had been victims of identity theft.Ã The demographic for this research was based on male students ages 18-24 who either had or had not been victims of this crime.Ã Their previous history with identity theft was given as well as their personal thoughts on how to counter identity theft.Ã Here is a list of the questions the subjects were given to qualitatively answer: Have you ever been the victim of identity theft? Do you know someone who has been a victim of identity theft?Ã How were you or the person you knew victims of identity theft?Ã Was the person who committed this crime against you someone you knew?Ã What precautions do you take to ensure your identity is not stolen?Ã Do you always take precautions of this kind?Ã Do you think identity theft is a problem in the Unites States?Ã Do you think identity theft is a problem on a global scale? Of the five people given this survey three of them had been victims of identity theft.Ã The ways in which the three people had been victims of identity theft all included stolen credit cards (or in one personÃ¢â¬â¢s case, they had become a victim by someone else signing up for the credit card they had thrown away in a public trash can).Ã In each of these three cases the victims were not in relation or did not know the person who stole their identity. One of the other males surveyed had a relative who had been the victim of identity theft.Ã His aunt had thrown away credit card acceptance letters and her daughter signed up for the card and charged $5,000 to the card within a month.Ã The other male surveyed was not a victim of identity theft nor knew of anyone who had been a victim of such a crime. Each respondent knew the ways in which they could secure their identity, especially the three who had already been victims, one of which states, Ã¢â¬Å"A lesson I only needed to learn onceÃ¢â¬ .Ã Asked how they security methods for ensuring identity theft did occur they listed a tv commercial as to the main reason they knew how to handle their own trash and how to behave in public so that personal information was not divulged to strangers (each surveyed male listed the McGruff, Bite Out of Crime commercials as their main source of knowledge on identity theft and ways in which to prevent it). The one surveyed male said that he always took precautions to ensure that his identity was not stolen; asked what these precautions were he said he owned a paper shredder and never took his garbage out at night but always during the morning right before the trash person was due to arrive. Ã This surveyed male later told the researchers that he was studying to be a cop and so knew how to properly handle himself in the area of identity theft. The other males listed that they tore up credit card statements after receiving them.Ã The surveyed maleÃ¢â¬â¢s aunt who had her daughter steal from her now throws her statements in the fire place (they live in the Northern Territory and so their fireplace is on most of the time). The overall consensus to the question of identity theft being a problem in America all of the males surveyed answered positively.Ã Asked whether or not they thought identity theft was a problem globally only two answered yes (the male with the relative and the male who was studying to be a police officer).Ã The rest of the answers for identity theft being a problem globally was answered negatively. While there is no single answer to identity theft, the Federal Trade Commission, the police and also the credit card company itself may be allies to avoid this potential pitfall.Ã A consumer has the responsibility to report fraudulent charges on their billing statement to ensure that other consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ identities are not stolen by the same thief.Ã A consumer must deter, detect and defend themselves against identity theft by all means stated in the above paper. Bibliography Arar, Yardena.Ã (December 2006).Ã Protect Yourself Against Credit Fraud.Ã PC World. Vol. 24, Issue 12.Ã pp. 47-52 Lynch, David, M.Ã (November 2006).Ã Securing Against Insider Attacks.Ã Information Systems Security.Ã Vol. 15 Issue 5, p39-47. Annotated Bibliography Arar, Yardena.Ã (December 2006).Ã Protect Yourself Against Credit Fraud.Ã PC World. Vol. 24, Issue 12.Ã pp. 47-52 This article focuses on different consumer actions that can be taken as a course of precaution against credit fraud.Ã Such items as virtual credit cards and buying through PayPal were given as well as a detailed account of securing files on a computer through encryption. Lynch, David, M.Ã (November 2006).Ã Securing Against Insider Attacks.Ã Information Systems Security.Ã Vol. 15 Issue 5, p39-47. This article provide psychological background to the way in which consumers and companies perceive identity attacks which is dichotomized into the trust tribe, people within the company or in close relation to the consumer and the untrusted tribe, people outside of the company or strangers.Ã The article also provided a brief study that highlights the demographic of identity thieves and the impetus for their actions. How to cite Identity Theft, Essay examples
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Introduction Demand can be defined as the amount of goods or services that the buyers are willing and able to buy in a specific duration of time (Rittenberg, 2008, p. 58). The quantity demanded can be determined by various factors. In most cases, consumerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice to consume a particular product is determined by their preferences and tastes for particular products as well as the prices. On the other hand, the quantity supplied is the amount of goods or services that buyers are willing and able to supply in the market in a specific time. In this study, we are considering the market for milk.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Supply and demand; Market for Milk specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Impact on price and quantity of milk of an advertising campaign which highlights scientific studies that finds that drinking milk can help reduce weight gain The main aim for an organization to conduct an advertisement is to increase the level of sales. An advert plays a role of enticing consumers to buy a certain good or service. Advertisement also has a purpose of creating top of mind awareness. This offers a form of branding which attracts customers. An advert informing potential buyers on its significance in weight loss will entice new customers who may not have been consuming milk to switch into milk consumption. This will lead to an increase in the quantity of milk demanded. An advert informing customers on scientific discovery indicating the importance of milk in weight loss may also encourage the existing buyers to increase their levels of consumption. This will also lead to an increase in the level of milk sales. As already seen, an advertisement increases the level of the quantity demanded. With time, the level of demand may exceed the quantity supplied. This will lead to an increase in prices. This is based on the assumption that all other factors are held constant. There are other factor s which affects the quantity demanded for milk. For instance, an increase in the level of householdsÃ¢â¬â¢ income increases the quantity of milk demanded. For instance, an increase in the level of the householdÃ¢â¬â¢s income in China and the surrounding regions has significantly led to an increase in milk prices (Arnold, not dated, par 4). Prices increases as a result of high demand for milk which is as a result of high household incomes. Impact on price and quantity of milk of a mad cow disease epidemic A mad cow disease has various effects on the milk market. It can lead to a decrease in the level of quantity supplied in the market. The affected animals reduce the level of production. If the disease persists, the level of quantity demanded will exceed the level of quantity supplied. This will lead to rising in milk prices. This is under the assumption that other factors are held constant. Impacts of milk price decrease According to the law of demand, the prices and the quantit y of product demanded are moves in opposite direction. That is, when the prices increase, the quantity demanded decreases. This conclusion is based on the assumption that other factors which affect milk market are held constant. Therefore, a decrease in the prices of milk leads to an increase in the quantity of milk demanded.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Impact on price and quantity of milk by the government decides to implement a price ceiling. A price ceiling is a form of government intervention to protect consumers. Through a price ceiling, a government sets price limits over which the prices of a particular commodity should not exceed. In order for a price ceiling to have any effect to the consumers, it must be set below the market equilibrium. Otherwise it will be ineffective. A price ceiling on the prices of milk will lead to a lower milk price below the market equ ilibrium price. This will lead to an increase in the quantity of milk demanded. Impact of an increase in the prices of a compliment good; cookies Compliment goods are goods which are used in conjunction with each other. Therefore, we expect an increase in level of demand in one of these to induce an increase in the level of demand for the other good. For instance, it is assumed that cookies are used in conjunction with milk. Therefore, a change in demand in one of these will lead to changes in the quantity of milk demanded. Therefore, an increase in prices of cookies leads to an increase in the quantity of milk demanded. Price controls Price control is the attempt by the government to control the prices of goods and services in the market. This is usually aimed at maintaining availability of basic needs to the customers. Advantage Of To Price Controls One of the main advantages is that it maintains the affordability of basic goods and services. For instance, a price ceiling lowers t he prices of milk below the market levels. At lower prices, more people can afford milk and this will maintain a healthy nation.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Supply and demand; Market for Milk specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Disadvantage of price controls There are several drawbacks associated with price controls. Price control leads to shortages. When the government puts demands the producer to provide prices below the market prices, the amount of the product demanded will exceed the quantity supplied in the market. The level of demand increases to the point where supply cannot be kept up. These shortages can lead to black markets as people try to find a solution for shortages (Anonymous, 2008, par 2). Price Elasticity of Demand Elasticity of demand can be defined as the percentage change in the level of quantity demanded of a particular good or service divided by the percentage change in the prices of that particular good or services all other things held constant (Rittenberg, 2008, p. 115). In the case of inelastic goods, consumers are less responsive to changes in prices. In this case, the elasticity of demand is less than one. That is, e1. In the milk market, consumers are less responsive to changes in prices. This is because milk is a basic good. Also, there are no close substitutes for milk. Therefore, the demand for milk is inelastic. Consequently, people may continue to consume milk despite of increase in prices. However, there may be slight changes in quantity demanded. There are several determinants of elasticity of demand. These include the availability of substitutes, time or availability of householdsÃ¢â¬â¢ budget. In the case of milk, there are no close substitutes; therefore the demand is likely to be inelastic. Impact of Milk Prices Increase on the Total Revenue Total revenue is the amount of money received from the sale of goods and services. That is, TR=QP. In the case of elastic demand, any change in price has a significant impact on the quantity demanded. Since the demand for milk is inelastic, changes in price will lead to a small change in the level of revenue. Therefore, the total revenue will change with a small percentage. Reference List Anonymous (2008). Price Controls Ã¢â¬â Advantages and Disadvantages. Web.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Arnold, A. (n.d.). Thirst for Milk Bred by New Wealth Sends Prices Soaring. Web. Rittenberg, L. (2008). Principles of Microeconomics. New York: Flat World Knowledge. 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